Rottweiler Dog Breed Complete Guide | Price in India, Health & Lifespan

October 31, 2023

The Rottweiler stands for loyalty and strength. In the diverse tapestry of dog breeds embraced across India, the Rottweiler has emerged as a beloved breed, known for its striking appearance and unwavering devotion. Whether you’re a prospective owner, a curious enthusiast, or simply seeking to delve deeper into the world of Rottweilers, we’ll help you in understanding the essence of this remarkable breed. 

But what is it about Rottweilers that captivates the hearts of so many? Is it their regal bearing, muscular physique, or soulful eyes that speak of unwavering loyalty? Perhaps it’s the unique blend of strength and gentleness that sets them apart, making them not just loyal companions but also loving protectors. Rottweilers, often referred to as “gentle giants,” have a magnetic charisma that draws admirers from all walks of life. 

History and Origin of Rottweilers

The history of Rottweilers is a tale that dates to the time of the Roman Empire. These robust and loyal canines can trace their lineage to a region in southern Germany, specifically the town of Rottweil, from which they derived their name.  

During the Roman Empire, Rottweilers’ ancestors were enlisted as working dogs in the legions, accompanying Roman armies on their conquests across Europe. These dogs were celebrated for their courage and strength and were invaluable as herders, tasked with driving and guarding livestock. After the fall of the Roman Empire, their role transformed, but their reputation as formidable and versatile canines remained. 

As the town of Rottweil evolved into a cattle market center in the Middle Ages, these dogs continued to play a crucial role. Their primary purpose shifted from being military and working dogs to that of cattle herders and protectors. They were responsible for guiding herds to market and guarding them against thieves and predators, showcasing their aptitude for both tasks. 

Over the centuries, the Rottweiler breed’s duties changed with the rise of industrialization, but their legacy as faithful protectors and devoted companions persisted.  

Physical Characteristics:

Rottweilers are a breed known for their striking physical appearance, combining strength, elegance, and a touch of regality. These dogs exude an aura of power and confidence that is unmistakable. Let’s dive into the physical characteristics that make Rottweilers so distinctive: 


Rottweilers are a large and robust breed:  

  • Adult males typically stand between 24 to 27 inches (61 to 68.5 cm) at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, measuring between 22 to 25 inches (56 to 63.5 cm).  
  • In terms of weight, Rottweilers are substantial dogs, with males weighing between 95 to 135 pounds (43 to 61 kg) and females falling in the range of 80 to 100 pounds (36 to 45 kg). 


The Rottweiler boasts a well-proportioned and muscular build. They have a broad chest, a straight back, and a powerful, slightly arched neck. Their hindquarters are strong and sturdy, and their legs are straight and substantial, giving them the stability and agility needed for their historical roles as cattle herders and protectors. 

Coat Type

Rottweilers have a short, dense, and straight double coat. The outer coat is rough to the touch and provides a protective barrier, while the inner coat offers insulation. This coat is well-suited to withstand various weather conditions. 

Coloration and Markings 

One of the most distinctive features of Rottweilers is their rich and bold coloration. They typically have a black coat with clearly defined mahogany or rust-colored markings. These markings appear over their eyes, on their cheeks, on their legs, and beneath their tail. The contrast between the black and mahogany coloration is a hallmark of the breed and contributes to their striking appearance. 

Read Also: Top 20 World’s Best Hunting Dog Breeds

Rottweiler Price in India:

The price of purchasing a Rottweiler in India can vary widely, influenced by several factors, including lineage, breeder reputation, and geographical location.  

Here’s a breakdown of the Rottweiler price range and the factors that impact it: 

Price Range 

The cost of a Rottweiler puppy in India typically falls within a range of ₹10,000 to ₹25,000. However, it’s important to note that this range can be quite flexible, and certain exceptional cases may exceed this upper limit. 

One of the primary factors influencing the price of a Rottweiler is their lineage. Puppies with a pedigree that includes champions or dogs with prestigious titles tend to be at the higher end of the price spectrum. The bloodline of the Rottweiler can significantly affect their price, as it’s an indicator of their genetic quality and potential for show or breeding. 

The age and health of the Rottweiler puppy can affect the price. A healthy, well-socialized, and up-to-date on vaccinations puppy might be priced higher than older or less healthy individuals. 

Adoption vs. Buying Rottweiler:

Adopting a Rottweiler from a Shelter 

By adopting from a shelter, you are giving a homeless Rottweiler a chance for a better life. You’re potentially saving a life and reducing the demand for breeding. Shelters often have adult Rottweilers, which can be ideal for families or individuals who prefer a more settled temperament. The rewarding feeling of providing a loving home to a dog in need is immeasurable. Adopting a shelter dog demonstrates compassion and responsibility towards animal welfare. It helps reduce the number of homeless pets and can potentially save a dog from being euthanized. 

Shelter dogs often come with surprises – they may be incredibly loyal, loving, and grateful for the chance to have a forever home. The bond you build can be exceptionally strong. Many shelter dogs have experienced hardships and abandonment. By adopting one, you offer them a second chance for a happy life, which is a deeply ethical choice. 

Common Health Issues in Rottweiler:

Rottweilers, like all dog breeds, are prone to certain health issues. Regular vet check-ups are crucial to identify and manage these problems early on. Here are some common health issues in Rottweilers

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to painful arthritis and lameness. It’s a common issue in Rottweilers due to their larger size. Symptoms may include difficulty getting up, stiffness, and decreased activity. Early detection through X-rays during vet check-ups is vital for effective management, which may involve medication, weight management, and, in severe cases, surgery. 

Elbow Dysplasia

Like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia is a hereditary condition where the elbow joint doesn’t form properly. It can cause lameness, pain, and joint swelling. Regular vet check-ups help diagnose this issue early, and treatment options may include medication, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery. 

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a heart condition in which the aortic valve narrows, restricting blood flow from the heart to the body. This can lead to heart murmurs, fainting, and exercise intolerance. Regular vet check-ups can monitor for heart murmurs and other signs, and treatment may involve medications or, in severe cases, surgery. 


Rottweilers are susceptible to bone cancer (osteosarcoma), which often manifests in the limbs. Early detection is essential for the best prognosis. Regular vet visits can help identify lameness, swelling, or pain in the affected limb. Treatment typically involves amputation and, in some cases, chemotherapy. 

Bloat (Gastric Torsion)

Bloat is a sudden and life-threatening condition in which the stomach fills with gas and can twist on itself. Rottweilers are one of the breeds more prone to bloat. Symptoms include restlessness, unsuccessful attempts to vomit, and an enlarged abdomen. Immediate veterinary attention is crucial, as bloat can be fatal without prompt surgery. 


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. It can lead to weight gain, lethargy, skin problems, and other issues. Regular vet check-ups can help diagnose and manage this condition with hormone replacement therapy. 


Rottweilers may develop allergies to food, environmental factors, or insect bites. Symptoms can include itching, rashes, and ear infections. Identifying the allergen and providing appropriate treatment can significantly improve the dog’s quality of life. 

Regular vet check-ups, ideally at least once a year, are essential for the early detection and management of these health issues in Rottweilers. Routine check-ups may include physical exams, blood tests, and other diagnostic procedures to monitor your dog’s overall health and catch potential problems before they become severe.  

If you find it difficult to take your dog to veterinary clinic. You can also opt for online consultation at VET ON CALL

Online Vet Video Consultation

Diet and Nutrition Tips For Rottweiler:

Feeding your Rottweiler a well-balanced diet is important for a well-built body and mind. It’s recommended to feed your Rottweiler high-quality commercial dog food. Look for dog food brands that list meat as the first ingredient, as this ensures a good source of protein. Avoid foods with excessive fillers and artificial additives. 

Choose a dog food formulated for the specific life stage of your Rottweiler. Puppies, adults, and senior dogs have different nutritional needs. Ensure the food you select is appropriate for their age. Also, Rottweilers need a moderate to high protein content in their diet to support their muscle development. Look for foods with around 20-30% protein. 

A moderate amount of fat, about 10-20%, is suitable for Rottweilers. Fat provides energy and supports healthy skin and coat. Carbohydrates should make up a smaller portion of the diet, around 30-50%. Complex carbohydrates like whole grains and vegetables are better choices than simple sugars. 

Feeding Guidelines:

  • Puppies Feeding: Feed 3-4 meals per day until 6 months old, then reduce to 2 meals per day. 
  • Adults Dog Feeding: Feed 2 meals per day. 
  • Seniors Dog Feeding: Feed 2 meals per day with adjustments for reduced activity levels. 

Dietary Restrictions

Avoid feeding your Rottweiler human food, especially those high in salt, fat, and spices, as it can lead to digestive issues. 
Chocolate, grapes, raisins, and foods containing xylitol are toxic to dogs and should be avoided. Some Rottweilers may have food allergies or sensitivities, so monitor for signs like itching, diarrhea, or vomiting, and consult with your veterinarian if these symptoms occur. Rottweilers are prone to bloat, so consider feeding smaller, more frequent meals and discouraging strenuous exercise immediately before or after eating. 

Note: Always provide your Rottweiler with access to clean, fresh water. Hydration is vital for their health. 

Rottweiler Exercise and Training:

Rottweilers are an active breed and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They benefit from at least 1-2 hours of exercise each day, which can include walks, runs, playtime, and mental stimulation. 

Mental Stimulation: In addition to physical exercise, mental stimulation is crucial. Puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games can help prevent boredom and destructive behaviour. 

Social Interaction: Rottweilers are social dogs and thrive on human interaction. Quality time with their owners is essential for their well-being. 

Rottweiler Dog Breed Temperament

Rottweilers are known for their unwavering loyalty to their families. They are protective and often form strong bonds with their owners. These Dogs have a natural protective instinct, which makes them excellent guard dogs. They are usually reserved with strangers but can be friendly and loving with their families. 

Rottweiler Behaviour

Start socializing your Rottweiler from a young age. Expose them to various people, animals, and environments to help them become well-rounded and comfortable in different situations. Positive reinforcement training methods work best. Be consistent, and patient, and use rewards such as treats and praise to reinforce good behaviour. 

Rottweiler Dog Grooming and Maintenance

Grooming and maintenance are essential aspects of caring for your Rottweiler’s health and appearance. Rottweilers have a short, dense double coat that requires regular attention to keep them clean and comfortable. Here’s a guide to their grooming needs: 


  • Rottweilers shed year-round but experience heavier shedding in the spring and fall. Regular brushing helps remove loose hair, reducing the amount of fur around your home. 
  • Use a rubber curry brush or a de-shedding tool to remove loose hair efficiently. 
  • Brush your Rottweiler at least once a week to maintain their coat and prevent matting. 
  • During heavy shedding seasons, you may need to brush more frequently, possibly a few times a week. 


  • Rottweilers typically do not have a strong doggy odor, so they don’t need frequent baths. Bathing every 2 to 3 months or as needed is usually sufficient. 
  • Use a high-quality dog shampoo to avoid skin irritation and maintain their coat’s natural oils. 
  • Make sure to rinse your Rottweiler thoroughly to prevent residue and dry their coat completely to prevent skin issues. 

Nail Trimming:

  • Regular nail trimming is crucial to prevent overgrown nails that can be painful for your dog and may affect their gait. 
  • Trim your Rottweiler’s nails every 4-6 weeks, or as needed, depending on their activity level and the surface they walk on. 
  • Be cautious not to cut too close to the quick (the blood vessel inside the nail), which can cause bleeding and discomfort. If you’re unsure, seek professional assistance. 

Ears and Teeth:

  • Clean your Rottweiler’s ears as needed, usually once a month, to prevent wax buildup and infections. 
  • Brush your dog’s teeth regularly to prevent dental issues. Dental chews and toys can also help maintain oral hygiene. 

Special Grooming Needs:

  • Rottweilers are prone to drooling, so be prepared to wipe their mouth and jowls regularly. 
  • Pay attention to the folds of skin, especially around the neck, as moisture and debris can accumulate and lead to skin problems. 
  • Rottweilers may be more susceptible to allergies and skin issues. If your dog shows signs of skin problems, consult your veterinarian for proper care and treatment. 

Read also: 13 Best Dog Breeds For First Time Owners

Rottweiler Lifespan

The typical lifespan of a Rottweiler is around 8 to 10 years, although some can live longer with proper care. Like all dogs, the Rottweiler’s lifespan can be influenced by genetics, lifestyle, and overall health.  

Note: Be cautious about overfeeding, as Rottweilers can tend to gain weight if given excess food or treats. 

Create a calm and stress-free environment for your Rottweiler. Stress can negatively affect their overall health. Provide a consistent routine and positive reinforcement training to reduce anxiety and stress. 

Family Compatibility

Rottweilers can be wonderful family pets when properly trained, socialized, and cared for. Their loyalty, protectiveness, and affectionate nature can make them great companions. Rottweilers are highly intelligent, which can make them adaptable to family life. They can learn and respond well to training, which is valuable for ensuring they fit into the household harmoniously. 


In conclusion, Rottweilers can be fantastic companions and working dogs when in the hands of responsible owners. Their loyalty and protective nature can make them valuable members of the family. However, these traits also require diligent care and training to ensure they fit well into your household and community. 

Prospective Rottweiler owners should approach the decision with thoughtfulness and commitment. Take the time to learn about the breed, prepare for their needs, and be ready to provide a loving and structured environment. By doing so, you can ensure a fulfilling and rewarding relationship with your Rottweiler for many years to come. 

Frequently Asked Questions on Rottweiler:

What is the average price of a Rottweiler dog in India?

The price of a Rottweiler puppy in India can range from ₹10,000 to ₹25,000, depending on the breeder’s reputation and the pup’s lineage.

What is the typical lifespan of a Rottweiler? 

Rottweilers usually have a lifespan of 8 to 10 years when provided with proper care, diet, and exercise.

What is the character and temperament of Rottweilers?

Rottweilers are known for their loyalty, confidence, and protective nature. They make excellent family pets when well-trained and socialized from a young age.

Are there common health issues in the Rottweiler breed?

Rottweilers are prone to certain health concerns such as hip and elbow dysplasia, heart disease, and certain cancers. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help mitigate these risks.

How can I ensure the good health of my Rottweiler?

To maintain the health of your Rottweiler, provide them with a balanced diet, regular exercise, routine vet visits, and attention to their mental and physical stimulation needs.

-Petofy India
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