Everyone loves their pets and wants them to be merry, cheerful, zealous, and enthusiastic. We take care of them for their growth and development too. Our foremost responsibility is their good health. The last thing we wish them to fall ill. Dog Vaccinations help in protecting them from many hazardous and fatal diseases.
The series of injections start in the infant stage and extends through adulthood. The law states that all dogs should be vaccinated and attain certification. The type and number of vaccines depend on the lifestyle and age of the dog. Keeping a proper record of vaccinations is the safest for everyone as some animal diseases are transferrable to humans.
Pet vaccinations are a safety measure for your pet that provides strong immunity against diseases that affect animals and humans. Effective vaccines contain the agent of microorganism that causes the disease. It speeds up the immune system that can attack the foreign agent and remember it for the future.
Your pet must be calm and relaxed during the procedure. The minimum time required to build immunity is around seven days. Therefore, if your pet is already suffering from any health issue, vaccines will not be effective. Vaccines do not work as a cure but rather as prevention.
Importance of Dog Vaccinations
For a healthy lifestyle and proper development, you should schedule at least one yearly veterinary appointment for your pet. A general check-up is mandatory where factors like age, medical history, lifestyle, and habits of your pet will decide the suitable vaccination program. In addition, some pets need annual vaccinations, while some may need once every three years.
Kinds of pet vaccines
The pet vaccines are of two types, firstly Core vaccines are necessary for every pet, irrespective of age, environment, habits, breed, or situation. It prevents them from contracting diseases that have a global distribution and the need for non-core vaccines depends on the environment in which the animal lives, like geographic location, environment, and lifestyle.
Every dog owner would appreciate a healthy and active dog. In some cases, core vaccines are helpful, while non-core vaccines also work in others. However, consultation is necessary before making any decisions.
Read Also: EVERYTHING ABOUT CANINE PARVO VIRUS
When to start pet vaccinations?
The first round of vaccinations is given at around six to eight weeks and then every three weeks until approximately four months. The final dose cannot be before the pet turns sixteen weeks old. That may make the antibodies present in the breast milk interfere with the vaccinations.
To check the need for vaccination, you can conduct a titer test. It is an affordable test that will measure the number of antibodies present in the pet, revealing the need for an immunity booster. The professional can guide you better in this.
Frequency of vaccines
A puppy will usually be vaccinated three times in six months, and after that, it could be yearly or even once every three years. It depends on the condition of your pet whether they can be treated with core vaccines every three years or even longer. Each animal is a unique being.
It is safer to take your pet to a Vet and have a vaccination protocol prescribed catering to its specific requirements. Good communication and annual visits are crucial elements for a healthy pet.
Puppy Vaccinations Schedule:
DHPP, Bordetella in 6 to 7 weeks.
DHPP, Bordetella, Leptospirosis in 9 to 10 weeks.
DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease in 12 to 13 weeks.
DHPP, Rabies, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease in 15 to 17 weeks.
One should maintain a vaccine schedule that successfully combats many preventable health issues. Following a puppy vaccine schedule is a responsible step for puppy care. Your puppy deserves to be healthy and happy. Keeping them away from the risk of attaining one of the terrible diseases is your foremost priority.
Read Also: HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR DOG’S PAW
Dog Vaccinations Schedule:
Once your puppy is grown, begin implementing an adult dog vaccination schedule with the advice of your Vet. It contains periodic boosters. In the first one-year visit, doctors recommend boosters for DHPP, Leptospirosis, Rabies vaccines, Canine Influenza, and Lyme for your pet. Effective Period for Each Vaccination:
- DHPP – 3 years
- Rabies – 3 years
- Leptospirosis – 1 year
- Canine Influenza – 1 year
- Lyme Disease – 1 year
- Bordetella – 1 year
Due to vaccines, there is stimulation in the immune system that may also cause some ill effects. The most common of these occur within the first few hours following vaccination and include allergic reactions, the sensitivity of the vaccinated area, and fever. These symptoms last only for a day or two. There is a probability that the pet may suffer from an immune disease or tumors at the injection site.
If you see your pet experiencing any of the following symptoms for more than two days, take them to their doctor immediately: Weakness, Breathing difficulties, Vomiting, Loss of appetite, and Diarrhoea.
Some not so common side effects are:
- Haemolytic anaemia
- Reproductive system issues
- Temporary limping
These side effects are considered less risky in comparison to potentially exposing your pet to some diseases if they remain unvaccinated. Vaccines are an essential aspect and have played a key role in preventing transmitting diseases and fostering early detection and treatment of medical issues.
Read Also: HAIR SHEDDING IN DOGS – DO’S & DON’TS
Prevention and Price of pet shots
Following is the list of diseases that are preventable through vaccines:
Canine Distemper – It attacks the nervous system and may cause paralysis. Dogs at an early age are more vulnerable. It is not as common now as it was before because of the proper availability of vaccines. However, ensure that your dog gets all its vaccines as in the low-rate areas, outbreaks can still occur.
Canine adenovirus (hepatitis) – Affects the liver, eyes, and kidneys. It is a non-communicable disease but quite dangerous for dogs.
Canine parvovirus – This is one of the most deadly and common viruses in the world. The eradication is quite impossible as each species has a different version. Maternal antibodies can interfere with the vaccine if you do not know the correct age of your pet. Therefore, you should determine the exact and appropriate age before vaccination.
Parainfluenza virus – This mild respiratory infection is highly contagious by nasal secretion. Since it is not fatal but you can cure your pet through vaccination from this and other related issues.
Bordetella bronchiseptica or kennel cough – A disease caused by a virus that results in a harsh cough that is highly contagious too. A very young or aged dog is more at risk of infection. The vaccination for kennel cough should be in annual shots.
Canine leptospirosis – This bacterium collides with the organs functioning. It is for puppies who live in appropriate geographic locations and are likely to catch the infection. Its cost is 300 INR per shot.
Coronavirus – Canine Coronavirus (CCV) causes intestinal disease in dogs. It is highly contagious and produces mild gastroenteritis. Puppies are most at risk of developing serious complications with this virus. It is spread through the feces of infected dogs. Clinical signs include diarrhea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
Rabies – Tt has no specific cure. Moreover, the infected animal is the prime carrier. It is a hazardous and highly contagious disease and can also be fatal to pets and parents. The dog vaccination is in 5 to 7 shots, each costing around 400 INR. That makes up to around 2000 INR for the complete process.
Lyme disease – The vaccination for Lyme disease is effective from six months to one year. Dogs receive two doses that cost 2000 INR per dose.
DHPP – This vaccine costs approximately 700 INR each. The dog needs the vaccine every 6, 12, and 16 weeks.
Read Also: 10 SIGNS OF CANCER IN DOGS
Special 9 in 1 vaccine
9 in 1 is an economical annual booster. It offers 9-way protection, including four lepto strains. It is an easy and affordable vaccine to fight against various diseases in a single shot. The vaccine covers almost all the canine problems. This includes:
- Canine distemper
- Infectious hepatitis
- Adenovirus type 2
- L. icterohaemorrhagiae
- Parvovirus (CPV)
- Leptospira canicola
- L. grippotyphosa
- L. Pomona
What if the pet misses a vaccine?
Vaccine depends on the time when your pet received the first vaccine. For effective results, maternal antibodies should not be present in their animal. A booster is not required if your pet is over a year old. In case, it skipped any of the vaccines, two booster shots are for security.
If pets have previously had a severe allergic reaction to a vaccine?
Here, calculate the risks with your veterinarian that depend on the environment in which your pet is developing. Take steps to reduce the risk of an allergic reaction with the advice of your Vet, manage disease risk, and choose wisely to limit vaccinations.
Can I vaccinate a pregnant or lactating pet?
Despite several tests, avoid administering any medication to lactating pets. There are alternatives available that you can give to your pet on the advice.